Water…seemingly so simple yet very complex. Water contains minerals and electrolytes that are essential to a healthy body. You cannot live without it. It is a universal solvent that it breaks down everything; it dissolves other substances and carries nutrients and other material (such as blood cells) around the body, making it possible for every organ to do its job. One of the unique characteristics of water is that it is dipolar; it can react with a negatively and positively charged substance;which is why it can break down so many different substances. Water is also unique; being only 1 of 2 liquids on the planet that can sustain life; the other being milk. Water is one of the only liquids that can be directly absorbed through the stomach, it requires no digestion. In modern times we run into issues with water only because now water contains impurities that affect its characteristics. A minimum of 2 to 4 liters of water per day per person, depending upon activities and body size, is required for hydration. Science estimates that every day, each person looses 4-6 pints of water through urination, breathing, perspiration, and evaporation. Many of us think that as long as we quench our thirst with some type of liquid that we are rehydrating. Can you even imagine bathing in juice or soda? When the body is lacking the proper levels of water or looses water we get a thirst reaction. The body will accept other means of liquid in place of water, hence why we may drink other liquids and temporarily no longer feel thirsty. Our body will accept these alternatives rather than risk the negative conditions that are caused by dehydration or a lack of water in the body. This is corruption of the thirst mechanism and it will eventually catch up with you, requiring balance at some point. Water not only quenches our thirst, we also need it to:
- Digest food, dissolving nutrients so that they can pass through the intestinal cell walls into the bloodstream, and move food along through the intestinal tract.
- Carry waste products out of your body.
- Provide a medium in which biochemical reactions such as metabolism (digesting food, producing energy, and building tissue) occur.
- Send electrical messages between cells so that your muscles can move, your eyes can see, your brain can think, and so on.
- Regulate body temperature — cooling your body with moisture (perspiration) that evaporates on your skin.
- Lubricate your moving parts.